Three Major Reasons Why Satan Owns Liberia

first_imgIn this second part of the discerning message from the series “Satanic Grips on Liberia”, after a long process of preparation, engagement and investigation, brings you this conclusion on the underlying reasons to help Liberians understand the legal role of Satan in Liberia (2 Corinthians 11:14 NKJV) that results into what Liberians are experiencing nowadays with very serious spiritual battle waging between the forces of evil and good claiming constitutional legitimacy and possession of Liberia (Proverbs 14: 34; 29:18; Hosea 4:6; Malachi 2:7).  During my early years of Bible Study I never gave any serious thought to the connection between Satan and Liberia until few years ago when I received three distinct in-depth inspirational messages on the biblical, historical, mathematical, scientific and prophetic treatise demonstrating the divine purpose of Liberia in the eternal plan of God for Africa.  This exposure enabled me to sense the satanic strongholds in Liberia. It suggested the spiritual connection with the physical deliverance of Liberia patterned after the exodus of Israel from Egyptian bondage. From the interpretations, it became plain that God’s intervention is not possible on earth without the plan, the purpose, the pattern and the people for Him [God] to execute the mission.This brings every Liberian in direct confrontation with principalities and powers. This is the national battle against the huge numbers of people influenced by demons of the unseen world —those mighty agents of darkness, that the citizens of Liberia must guard against by putting on God’s armor to enable them stand safe against all the strategies and tricks that has been developed by Satan over the years in Liberia (Ephesians 6:10+).With this sensitive insight about the satanic manipulation that have victimized the people in Liberia for many decades now, I bear the joyous burden ever to expose every truth you should know (Deuteronomy 29:29) about Why Liberia remains a Christian nation for Satan?First, on the basis of the Constitution of Liberia.The highest laws in any nation are written as the constitution. When the Liberian military seized power in 1980, the ruling Constitution of 1847 was suspended. Then, a new constitution drafting commission was appointed and followed by an advisory assembly in 1983. Apart from the selected changes made, the most sensitive consideration was the equality of Christianity and Satanity that took preeminence in 1986.The architects of the new Liberian constitution maintained that satanic followers and the Almighty [Yehweh] Jehovah, the Sovereign God who Christians worship through Jesus Christ have equal right and freedom in Liberia (2 Corinthians 6:14). Those masterminds of the constitution concluded that enshrining Christianity in the constitution will inflict on the rights of non-Christians. Therefore, the Declaration of Rights under Article 1 and Section 3 of the 1847 Constitution were rewritten in the Preamble and Chapter 3 Article 14 of the Approved 1983 Constitution that took effect in 1986. As such, “Liberians don’t need any law enforcement for Christians to worship because the national constitution now guarantees a secular “satanic” nation where everyone enjoys the freedom of religion.”This can be illustrated simply by a promissory note for debt payment. As the schedule closes in, a redeemer intercepts and new agreement reached that he will be responsible for the payment. With this legal understanding, is it right, proper, good or necessary for the creditor to request payment from the debtor instead of the redeemer? Absolutely no! Since the payment was renewed, the debtor has become exempted and the redeemer becomes responsible. This is the binding law whenever such transaction follows similar trend. Because of the social and moral implications of such arrangement, a biblical hint even warns against such practice (Proverbs 22:26+).Similarly, Jesus Christ, the living eyewitness of the Law also honors adherence to the law whether spiritually or physically (Matthew 5:17). Hence, when Liberia was constitutionally declared a secular “satanic” nation under the disguise of “freedom of religion”, it also meant Liberians rightly rejected the presence, participation and praise of Almighty Jehovah God in Liberia.For this very simple, convincing and legal decision of Liberians in 1986, symbolically in 1987 Jehovah departed Liberia after the supernatural arrangement for me to visit the Holy Land of Israel in 1988 as Jesus Christ was also leaving Liberia so that in advanced preparation, I could be among the living witnesses to testify of the eternal salvation plan of God for humanity (Job 27:11; Psalm 33:11). Then, when the Holy Spirit finally left Liberia during 1989, exactly on December 24, Satan officially introduced the rules of governing his kingdom that Liberians experienced during the fourteen years that ended in 2003. God being very legal-minded could not interfere read more

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January 18, 2020 | by

Fourth annual Nereid’s Rally welcomed to Guyana

first_img… We are onto something good here – GaskinBY KIZZY COLEMANThe Business Ministry and the Guyana Tourism Authority (GTA) in collaboration with the Hurakabra River Resort, on Monday, welcomed the Fourth Nereid’s Rally to Guyana during a ceremony held at the Hurakabra River Resort in Region Seven (Cuyuni-Mazaruni).Fourteen yachts were welcomed to the land of many waters with great pomp, sailing from countries such as Italy, Britain, Russia, Canada and many others.Since it’s commencement in 2013, the rally has seen more participants coming to the “undiscovered” Guyana more and more; the event started with only three yachts visiting.“On behalf of the Government of Guyana, I am proud and honoured and delighted to welcome this fourth Nereid’s Yacht Rally to our country, to our continent, and to the Guiana’s and I hope that your time spent in Guyana is enjoyable and that you can make many precious and lasting memories in this country,” said Business Minister Dominic Gaskin, as he welcomed the participants.The Minster explained that it is important for Guyanese to exploit the gift that is theirs, and to use the land of many waters to its fullest potential.“This rally being welcomed yet again to Guyana is another way of putting to use our many waters. So therefore, this is happening and I am happy that you (yachters) decided to come to Guyana”.Gaskin underscored the fact that yachting is becoming popular in Guyana, citing the growth of the event since its inception.“It is still small but I think that we are on to something good and if we can make the right decisions and take the right actions over the coming years, this is something that could very well mushroom into something a lot bigger,” he said.Encouraging the over 30 tourists to explore Guyana, the Minister said “we have a rich fauna and flora that is meant to be seen, to be explored”.Founders of the Hurakabra River Resort, Kit and Gem Nascimento spoke of their delight at being able to host the yachters, yet again. They noted that Guyana has the easiest customs clearance for yachters.Organiser of the event, David Matelacani who “accidentally” landed in Guyana a few years ago during a freak storm, ended up in the hands of Kit, who already had the idea of establishing a marina in Guyana.Working together, the two successfully launched the Nereid’s Rally and have since been working to improve the event.“I believe that I make an honest claim when I say, it is one of the major, consistent, repetitive tourism events that we’ve been able to have in Guyana over the past five years” Nascimento announced.Alluding to the Nereid’s Rally, the Regional Chairman of Region Seven, Gordon Bradford, noted that some years ago, a baby was born. He said that like babies that keep growing, the Nereid’s Rally, if nurtured correctly, will continue to grow.He opined that seeing the yachters coming in their numbers to Guyana, signals an economic boost for the country’s efforts and drive for eco-tourism and tourism development.“On a regional level, we have been collaborating with the Ministry of Tourism to make this event a success from year to year,” Bradford explained.The Chairman said that in Region Seven, tourism is seen as an economic salvation due to the fact that currently there is a shock in the mining sector which a major part of what the region promotes.He therefore advocated for a greater effort to promote tourism in Guyana.One yachter, who along with his wife sailed the largest yacht to dock in Guyana since the beginning of the rally, thanked the organisers and the Guyanese people for the “warm” welcome which he along with his companions received.He especially thanked Matelacani for his hard work “for having a vision to conceive of the rally, which has encouraged many of us to join and for putting in the sheer hard work into shepherding all of us through the bureaucracy of travelling and reef building”.During their stay, yachters can look forward to a tour of Georgetown, and a visit to Kaieteur Falls. Residents of Bartica will come out as the town hosts a picnic by the sea to entertain the tourists, and on Saturday, Hurakabra will be hosting a “reggae on the river” concert.last_img

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January 17, 2020 | by

Businesswoman estimates millions in losses

first_imgSunken North West vesselBusinesswoman Nanda Basdeo, whose cargo went underwater after the vessel – MV Shivita 2 — transporting her items sunk while en route to Mabaruma, Region One (Barima-Waini) has estimated her losses to be in the millions.This was related to Guyana Times on Monday by the distraught woman, who was still calculating the value of the items which were lost.Speaking with this publication, Basdeo said, “I can’t give a direct amount about the cost ‘cause I know it’s millions of dollars’ worth in goods gone down the drain. Me and them Coast Guards went back to the site, but still we couldn’t save nothing. Right now, is so hard to deal with.”On Sunday, about 05:00h, the vessel was transporting the cargo fromThe sunken boat in the Waini River, Region OneGeorgetown.It was reported that the boat left a Georgetown wharf to transport cargo first to Mabaruma and then Port Kaituma, Region One. However, about half an hour before arriving at Mabaruma, the vessel capsized after a strong gush of wind pushed it off course onto a mudflat.This incident occurred as the vessel was entering the Waini River channel. At the time, there were four crewmembers on board, including the captain, all of whom survived the mishap.Sources said that as the boat drifted, crew members were able to send out an alert on the radio set to the Guyana Defence Force’s Coast Guard, who responded to the distress call and was able to rescue the men as the boat sank.By that time, boat operators from nearby communities who also picked up the distress call arrived on scene to lend assistance.However, nothing could have been done to save the vessel or the cargo.last_img

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January 12, 2020 | by

Arsenal’s world-class possible 2016/17 starting XI including new signing Xhaka

first_imgArsenal are the first Premier League club to send a major message of intent ahead of the new season.The Gunners announced an agreement had been reached for the signing of Granit Xhaka from Borussia Monchengladbach, in a deal understood to be worth £30million.It remains to be seen whether his arrival suggests Arsene Wenger is preparing for a summer filled with business after a disappointing campaign.With this in mind, we’ve looked at how Arsenal could line up next season, including Xhaka and other rumoured targets.Take a look at our predicted Gunners XI for the 2016/17 term by viewing the slideshow above. 11. Striker: Alvaro Morata (Juventus) – It was recently claimed Morata has identified the Gunners as the club he would leave Juve for. With Danny Welbeck to miss the start of the season through injury and uncertainty over Olivier Giroud’s role, a striker could be Wenger’s next priority. The 23-year-old scored 12 goals and registered nine assists in all competitions last term. 11 6. Centre midfield: Granit Xhaka – Xhaka was officially unveiled by the club on May 25 for a reported £30m transfer fee. Given his price tag, expectations are high over how influential he can become. After signing, he said ‘I may be 23, but I am a leader’ and this should excite fans further. An authoritative figure in the centre of the park has been missing from Arsenal for some time. 9. Attacking midfield: Mesut Ozil – With 19 assists last season, one away from Thierry Henry’s record, few could push Ozil out of the side. There is reported worry over his reluctance to sign a contract extension, but he’s set to continue his key no.10 role next season. 11 11 3. Centre back: Kalidou Koulibaly (Napoli) – A reliable partner for Koscielny remains a major issue for Wenger. Reports in the Telegraph claim the Frenchman is eyeing Koulibaly and could table a £30m bid. The Senegal international enjoyed a commanding campaign for Napoli last season and could be tempted by a lucrative move to the Premier League. 4. Centre back: Laurent Koscielny – Koscielny’s reputation has grown tremendously at Arsenal, with some believing he is among the best centre backs in the Premier League. The biggest problem is finding a partner of similar quality. 5. Left back: Nacho Monreal – Monreal’s dominance could force Kieran Gibbs to assess his future at the Emirates. The Spaniard is one of Wenger’s first names on the team sheet, but having reached 30, a long-term replacement would be wise. 11 10. Left attack: Alexis Sanchez – Sanchez had a fairly quiet campaign, by his standards. He looked frustrated at times last season, but he could be even more fired up to help the Gunners maintain a title challenge for the 2016/17 campaign. 7. Centre midfield: Santi Cazorla – Cazorla has been a huge loss from Arsenal’s midfield this year, and everyone at the club will have been overjoyed to have seen him back in action on the final day of the season. Mohamed Elneny, Francis Coquelin and Jack Wilshere will struggle to get ahead of him in the pecking order. 11 11 11 8. Right attack: Aaron Ramsey – Given the plethora of options in the centre of the park, it’s likely Ramsey will remain out wide. His form has been mixed this season, but all at Arsenal know what he’s capable of in attack. 1. Goalkeeper: Petr Cech – check out the full line up by clicking the arrow above, right – Only injury could have an impact on who Arsene Wenger chooses as his number one for the new season. Cech claimed the Golden Glove and will be looking to continue his excellent form. 11 11 11 11 2. Right back: Hector Bellerin – There are few more exciting full backs in Europe right now than Bellerin. The Spaniard has been a revelation at Arsenal and looks to be the long-term prospect in this position for the club. last_img

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December 29, 2019 | by

BOWLS: GALLAGHER WINS MAGHERY SINGLES TOURNAMENT

first_imgCongratulations to PJ Gallagher, Burtonport, on winning the Maghery Singles tournament  despite spirited resistance from Daniel O’Kane, St Eunans, Raphoe, who had to settle for the runners up spot.Semi-finalists were Patsy Boyle, Burtonport, and Joe Duggan, Dunfanaghy.Other players in contention for the Noel Wallace Cup were Mervyn White, Cathedral, Raphoe, Aidrian Gavigan, Glenties, Colin Mabon, Forresters, James Given, Laghey, Noel Hanlon, Burtonport, Marty Bonner, Maghery, Aiden Gallagher, Maghery, Andrew Steele, Quigley Point, Christie Hegarty, Glenties, Michael Boyle, Maghery, David Bonner, Burtonport and Jonathan Jacob, Ramelton. The cup was presented by Michael Wallace and Jack Brerton. Congratulations to John Quinn, Ballylennon, who has reached the final of the Irish Singles Championships. His opponent on 31st March in Richill, Armagh will be Paul Duff, Louth. BOWLS: GALLAGHER WINS MAGHERY SINGLES TOURNAMENT was last modified: March 4th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BOWLS: GALLAGHER WINS MAGHERY SINGLES TOURNAMENTlast_img

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December 27, 2019 | by

DD motoring: Donegal’s first bus

first_img1955 was probably the best year for a proper bus service for the outer reaches of Donegal.By this time, Lough Swilly had nearly 100 years of transport in Donegal under its belt.Two years before that in 1953, the last train ran on Swilly tracks from Letterkenny to Derry on the 8th of August at 2.15pm. Advertisement Now one of the oldest transport companies in Ireland were switching completely from rail to road.A very impressive map of the bus routes in Donegal was produced by Lough Swilly in 1955, which was nearly a footprint of the railway system that it left behind it.A view of the extensive Lough Swilly Bus routes in 1955.Historically it also was a footprint of all of those private bus companies that started up in all the small towns and villages that had no public transport years before to cater for local people.First-class and first bus. Advertisement Bus travel for the wealthy that had chosen Donegal as their holiday destination, were looked after by the Hotelier.The first two buses registered in Donegal, “IH 2” and “IH 3” were in the name of the Earl of Leitrim which were used to transport his guests from the train in Strabane to Downings and from there to the Rossapenna Hotel, which he owned at the time. It was the must-go place in Ireland as a holiday location.Arriving in Style to the Rosapenna Hotel one of the first buses registered in Co. Donegal IH 2 of IH 3 owned by the Earl of Leitrim.The buses had a top cruising speed of 14 miles per hour, which they never would have seen because the poor roads never would have let them.Air conditioning in 1904Even air conditioning was an option on these buses back in those years, well it was when you removed all the plate glass windows from the bus on the warmest of Donegal summers. This journey would have taken nearly four hours from Strabane to Downings, including a stop in Letterkenny and the Lough Swilly train to collect passengers from Derry City.Roberts Brothers Bus pictured on a trip to GreencastleLocal busesEven when all the railway lines were completed and up and running, it was soon clear particularly in the vast northwest area of Donegal was not served well by the railway with stations sometimes as far as eight miles from the town it was named after, this was of no use as far a passenger was concerned.First local link Locals started their own buses out of villages like Keeykeel (Ward Bros) Moville, Joseph Doherty, Buncrana, Eddie Barr, Kilmacrennan Samuel Burn, and Malin town Daniel Karney to name just a few who were running bus services in and out of Derry City.Ward’s Bros even run a bus from Kerrykeel into Dungloe in the late 1920s.Then Lough Swilly Railway decided even as early as the late 1920s that the railway wasn’t the way to go to secure fare-paying passengers and started to look at putting buses on the road and left the train mainly for the carriage of freight.They started to buy out the first of nine private bus operators paying the princely sum of £1,700 in 1929 to buy out Edward Barr in Buncrana for his four busses and routes including three Graham Dodge and one Leyland bus.Over the next year, Lough Swilly bought out ten more buses and their business from four operators, including John Doherty Buncrana, who’s fleet included two Gilford and three Reo buses, Samuel Burns Kilmacrennan who had one Graham Dodge and two Guy buses.Then there was J Kane, Culdaff, who had a Morris 14 seater and Daniel Mc Laughlin Carndonagh, who had an Albion 26 seaterThe Dungloe Swilly Bus refuelling on the Main St. outside the Cope in DungloeCounty Donegal Motor ServiceLough Swilly’s biggest purchase of buses wasn’t from bus operators directly but from a businessman called James Winters, who may have been a competitor to Lough Swilly and who bought 17 buses from four private bus operators. All of which were individually licensed by the Northern Ireland Government to work across the Donegal Border and Derry City.He set up his business called “County Donegal Motor Company” but it took that long to get the licences transferred over to the corporate name he ended up selling his bus business for £19,200 in 1931, to his competitor Lough Swilly.County Donegal Motor Company, as it then was called before the takeover, was made up from the purchase of four private bus operators.The bus breaks the roadLough Swilly now had a total of 35 buses on the roads of North West Donegal but it wasn’t always smooth sailing.The Swilly Bus service over to Dungloe could only go as far as Gortahork nearly 20 miles short of its final destination because of the poor condition of the road.And the Donegal County Council were not helping things, they were considering taking legal proceedings against Lough Swilly Railway buses to recover the cost of repair of the damage to its roads by the buses trying to make their journey to Dungloe.The company that became Lough Swilly Bus Company and became part and parcel of life and memories in Donegal.Its drivers and read more

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December 21, 2019 | by

QPR face first away test

first_imgHaving made a hugely encouraging start to their Championship season by crushing Leeds United at Loftus Road last weekend, QPR face Cardiff City in the Welsh capital later today.R’s boss Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, whose playing career included a spell at Cardiff, will be looking for more of the same from his players and they look to make it two wins out of two.We’ll have team news, live updates and post-match reaction from the Cardiff City Stadium later.Kick-off: 3pm, Sunday 14 August 2016Referee: James Linington (Newport, Isle of Wight)BetVictor.com preview: Punters fancy QPR against CardiffVital statistic: QPR have kept a clean sheet on five of their last seven trips to Cardiff, while the last three matches between the sides have ended in draws. Injuries and suspensionsCARDIFF CITYRuled out: Stuart O’Keefe (broken arm).QPRRuled out: Ariel Borysiuk (ankle), Jamie Mackie (ankle), Jack Robinson (knee).Fitness test: Joel Lynch (abdominal strain)Chery scored QPR’s second goal in the win against Leeds Possible line-upsCardiff: Marshall; Connolly, Ecuele Manga, Peltier; Richards, Immers, Ralls, Whittingham, John; Pilkington; Gounongbe.Subs from: Moore, Morrison, Ajayi, James, Tutonda, Gunnarsson, Adeyemi, Kennedy, Harris, Huws, Zohore.QPR: Smithies; Onuoha, Caulker, Hall, Bidwell; Cousins, Luongo; Gladwin, Chery, El Khayati; Polter.Subs from: Ingram, Lumley, Furlong, Perch, Lynch, Kpekawa, Tozser, Petrasso, Henry, Prohouly, Washington, Shodipo. Facts and figuresFORM GUIDE (last five league matches)Cardiff: D D L W L (5 points) • Home: D W D W W (11 points)QPR: W W L D L (7 points) • Away: L L D D D (3 points)TOP SCORERS (league only)Cardiff: None.QPR – 1: Chery, Onuoha, Polter.LAST FIVE MEETINGS16 Apr 2016: Cardiff 0 QPR 015 Aug 2015: QPR 2 Cardiff 223 Apr 2011: Cardiff 2 QPR 227 Nov 2010: QPR 2 Cardiff 117 Apr 2010: QPR 0 Cardiff 1Cardiff 1 win, QPR 1 win, 3 drawsSee also:QPR assess new Lynch injuryNgbakoto needs time to get fit – HasselbainkDerby announce Hitchen’s new roleSwindon sign Furlong from QPR on season-long loanQPR youngsters make winning startQPR plan to approach Chery about new contractThe Cardiff City v QPR quizFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img

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December 21, 2019 | by

Engine defect grounds Boeing 737 MAX fleet

first_imgThe problem did not affect the LEAP-1A engines used on Airbus A320neos, she said.However, Airbus has been having its own problems with the Pratt & Whitney Geared Turbofan engine that is also an option for A320neo operators.A number of GTF engines have had to be removed because a bearing has failed or the combustion chamber degraded.Pratt is addressing the problems by introducing a new bearing compartment which is retrofitted to existing engines and is testing an improved combustion chamber.The GTF uses gears to allow the front compressor fan and low-pressure section to spin at a slower speed than the high-pressure compressor and turbine at the rear, improving efficiency.The engines met or exceeded their efficiency targets but had initial glitches with start times, spurious cockpit warnings and hydraulic temperatures. Photo: Boeing Boeing has grounded its fleet of 737 MAX aircraft days ahead of the first delivery because of a problem with some engines.Not all of the LEAP-1B engines supplied by engine manufacturer CFM International are affected but the manufacturer said it was temporarily suspending MAX flights “out of an abundance of caution’’.Boeing said in a statement it had been notified by CFM of a manufacturing quality problem with the low-pressure turbine discs and it was working with CFM on an inspection program.“CFM and its supplier notified us after discovering the issue as a part of their quality inspection process,’’ it said.  “At no time have we experienced an issue associated with the LPT during our ongoing MAX testing program. “Out of an abundance of caution, we decided to temporarily suspend MAX flights. The step is consistent with our priority focus on safety for all who use and fly our products.’’The problem, discovered in the forging process, could lead to cracking and engines from about 25 test and production planes have been sent to CFM facilities in the US and France for testing.The first MAX delivery to Indonesian carrier Malindo Air was due to take place next week but Boeing said it expects to still make the delivery this month.“We will work closely with CFM to understand the precise scope and root cause of the quality issue,’’ it said “Our plan remains to begin MAX deliveries in May.“MAX production will continue, as will production and delivery of our Next-Generation 737 airplanes.’’The engine features advanced technologies and is specifically optimized for the 737 MAX, contributing much of the fuel efficiency gain enjoyed by the new jet.Flight tests for the MAX has so far gone smoothly and there was no indication of problems with the LEAP-1B during ground testing.Boeing noted the 737 MAX 8 program put over 2000 hours on the engines, including abuse testing and flights lasting over 9 hours, with “thorough inspections throughout”.It also completed 180-minute extended twin operations (ETOPS) testing in March which required another 3000 simulated flight cycles on a test stand and an inspection by CFM. A CFM spokeswoman told The Seattle Times that the low-pressure turbine discs were produced by three different suppliers and only one had the forging issue.last_img

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December 18, 2019 | by

South African art bags £2.6m in London

first_img25 March 2010 South African Art continued its march onto the world stage as a newly appreciated art form and investment at Bonhams seventh sale of South African Art in London on Wednesday. Out of a total of 135 works by 42 artists, 82% sold, bringing in £2.6-million (R28.5-million) in total. This was Bonhams seventh South African art sale in five years.Top prices for Pierneef, Sekoto, Laubser “Works by Jacob Hendrik Pierneef, Gerard Sekoto and Maggie Laubser all beat their pre-sale estimates,” Bonhams said in a statement. “The top-priced work in the sale was by Pierneef, titled ‘An Extensive View of Farmlands’, which sold for £356 000 (R3.9-million) against an estimate of £120 000 to £180 000.” The sale’s catalogue cover lot by Gerard Sekoto, “Market Street Scene, Cape Town,” sold for £192 000 (R2.1-million) against a pre-sale estimate of £120 000 to £180 000. And a Maggie Laubser, “Woman Wearing a Red Doek”, estimated at £20 000 to £30 000 sold for £50 400 (R554 000). “Once again we have been delighted by the response from buyers,” Giles Peppiatt, director of South African art at Bonhams, said after the sale. “You would not have known in the saleroom today that we are cautiously emerging from the worst recession in 80 years. The mood was buoyant, the bidding brisk and the prices excellent. “After five years of selling South African art, I feel that this is not a blip or a fashion but the start of a long march to real international recognition and appreciation of this vibrant art from the tip of Africa,” Peppiatt said.Freedom Charter saved for nation Two potentially controversial items – a South African flag that was flown by helicopter at Nelson Mandela’s presidential inauguration in 1994, and a signed copy of the Kliptown ANC Freedom Charter of 1955 – sold privately before the auction, Bonhams said. The copy of the Freedom Charter was saved for the nation in a deal negotiated by Bonhams and the Liliesleaf Trust. It was bought for the South African State with funds provided by the Mantis hotel group, mining company Lonmin Plc, and Lord Renwick. “This is the happiest possible outcome for the Freedom Charter,” Peppiatt said. “We are delighted to have been able to arrange a deal with this South African organisation, which was determined to see the Charter return to where it best belongs.” The seller, Leon Levy, said in Bonhams’ statement: “This was always my hope, that the Charter would be returned to the State, and I am delighted that this has now been achieved.” Nelson Mandela wrote in his autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom”, that the Freedom Charter “captured the hopes and dreams of the people and acted as a blueprint for the liberation struggle and the future of the nation.”Flag that flew at Mandela’s inauguration to fly home A South African flag that was flown by helicopter at Nelson Mandela’s presidential inauguration on 10 May 1994, which was also due to be auctioned on Wednesday, was bought by a private benefactor. “A London-based South African businessman and philanthropist who wishes to remain anonymous has offered to buy the flag for an undisclosed amount in a sale brokered by Bonhams on the understanding that it would be returned to South Africa and handed over to the South African government,” Bonhams said. The flag was signed by three former South African presidents: Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki and FW de Klerk.SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img

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December 18, 2019 | by

Odisha fishermen vulnerable due to frequent cyclonic events

first_imgIt’s been 15 days since Cyclone Fani swept through coastal Odisha but Erra Babu, 51, is not sure if he would be able to venture into the Bay of Bengal any time soon.At Penthakata, the fishermen’s settlement where the expert seafaring fisherman lives, boats still lay upside down while fishing nets remain buried under mounds of sand – marks of the devastation left behind by one of the strongest summer cyclones to hit Odisha.“This is probably one of the longest periods I have sat idle and kept watching the sea,” says Mr. Babu. He is likely to wait for a few more days as the boats can be repaired only when power is restored.The wait is painful, says Mr. Babu, who finds it difficult to feed his five-member family as his savings and loans are getting exhausted with every passing day.Uppal Raju, a fellow fishermen, says, “As the frequency of extreme weather events has gone up in the past few decades, the number of fishing days has gradually come down, impacting our livelihood.”“There were times when we used to spend 180 days fishing in the deep seas in a year. Now, the number of fishing days barely crosses 100,” says Mr. Babu.Packing furious winds, heavy rains and a huge tidal surge, Cyclone Fani razed many houses in Penthakata to ground on May 3. There are about 2,000 fishing boats in Penthakata and on any given day 5,000 fishermen would be deep inside the sea. In one stroke, Fani rendered them jobless for a considerable period of time.At Satapada on the banks of Chilika, Asia’s largest brackish water lake, Pramod Behera, who doubles up as a fisherman and a boat operator, is busy searching for pieces of timber that were once part of his boat. “Fani left no place as safe. Neither my boat nor my fishing nets were spared, even though I had shifted them to places I thought was safe,” says Mr. Behera.The fishing community has been severely affected; the loss is estimated at ₹6.95 crore. The figure, however, does not reflect the real loss, given the employment the sector generates.Cyclones and other atmospheric events have caused a rise in unemployment in the fishermen community over the years. The idle time begins from time of issuance of advisories till the event takes place. Extreme weathers are triggering migration from fisher villages, apart from alienation from fishing, a traditional livelihood option.Its geographical location and physical environment make Odisha Coastal Zone vulnerable to frequent cyclonic disturbances. The coastline of Odisha is only about 17% of India’s east coast, but it has been affected by nearly 35% of all cyclonic and severe cyclonic storms that have crossed the east coast and by associated storm surges that have often inundated large tracts of coastal districts, according to a State government report.“The land and sea interaction is very high in Odisha, for which weather events are taking place so frequently. Land masses of Puri and Jagatsinghpur districts are slightly inside sea and get hit by atmospheric systems which are generated either from Andaman and Nicobar or from the southern side,” said S. C. Sahu, former Director of IMD, Odisha.Dr. Sahu said during extreme weather conditions, bulletins are issued four times a day for fishermen. If the advisory is termed dangerous for fishermen, the trawler owners’ association does not issue any permit for trawler for fishing, he said.When a low pressure area brews over Bay of Bengal, it is the fishing community which gets worried about life, property and livelihood first. The State witness two cyclone seasons – one during pre-monsoon period (April, May and June up to onset of monsoon) and another post monsoon (October and December) prevail over the Odisha.The east coast of India is one of the six most cyclone-prone areas in the world. In the past 100 years, the Indian subcontinent experienced 1,019 cyclonic disturbances, of which 890 were along the east coast and 129 were along the western coast and 260 cyclonic disturbances made their landfall along the Odisha coast, the State government report said.Out of the 260 disturbances there were 180 depressions (69%), 57 storms (22%) and 23 severe storms (9%). In comparison to all the coastal states of India, the Odisha coast has the highest vulnerability in terms of landfall. With 29% of the total disturbances affecting Odisha coast the vulnerability of the Odisha Coastal Zone is relatively high in comparison to other states like West Bengal (14%), Andhra Pradesh (13%) and Tamil Nadu (7%).“By taking together the figures of the storms and severe storms, the Odisha Coastal Zone is twice more vulnerable in comparison to the other eastern states. The revisit or recurrence time of a severe storm to the Odisha coast is around four years; for West Bengal coast it is 5 years. As far as cyclones are concerned, the revisit time for the Odisha coast is nearly two years which is much shorter than that of the other states indicating that Odisha is the most frequently read more

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December 3, 2019 | by